Örebro Castle is a medieval castle fortification in Örebro, Närke, Sweden. It was expanded during the reign of the royal family Vasa (House of Vasa) and finally rebuilt about 1900. The castle lies on an island in river Svartån. Some of the rooms are used as classrooms for pupils from Karolinska Skolan.
For over 700 years, Örebro Castle has kept a watchful eye on everyone crossing the bridge on the River Svartån. The oldest part of the castle, a defence tower, was erected in the latter half of the 13th century.
This tower was added to in the 14th century to make a larger stronghold, and towards the end of the 16th century most of the impressive castle we see today was built.
The name of Örebro comes from the small stones, called “ör” in Swedish, that a river transports. The second part of the word comes from the bridge (“bro”) that was built over this ford. Important roads passed by this strategic place because from here one could control the traffic and the trade in the inner parts of Sweden.
In 1364 Albrecht von Mecklenburg captured a fortress in Örebro. That was probably a predecessor of today’s castle, which was built on the small island within the Svartå (Black river). The fortress is supposed to have consisted of a defence tower with a surrounding wall, but no one knows exactly when it was built. Many important events in Swedish history took place there. For over two hundred years it has been the residence of the county governor, but a great deal of the castle is open to the general public, with offerings of art, music, food, exhibitions, guided tours, conferences, and more.
- The city name means literally Penny Bridge.
- As a town, Örebro is 753 years old (celebrated its 750 years anniversary 2015).
- Örebro was for many centuries one of the most important ports for the trade of iron from the Bergslagen.
- In Örebro markets such as Hinders Fair, the iron from the cabins was sold to other parts of Sweden and abroad.
- The city has played a very important role in the Swedish political, industrial and trade history. Örebro became garrison city in 1836.
How to get there?
- Örebro Airport is located 12 km from the city center.
- Direct flight from Copenhagen/Denmark to Örebro takes 45-60 minutes.
- Direct flight from Malmö to Örebro takes 60 minutes.
- It is also possible to fly to Stockholm Arlanda Airport and the take the bus or the train or a rent car from Stockholm Arlanda Airport directly to Örebro. It takes approximately 2 hours.
- It is also possible to fly from Frankfurt to Karlstad and then take the bus or the train or a rent car from Karlstad to Örebro. It takes approximately 1.5 hours.